What is LNG?
Liquefied Natural Gas – or “LNG” – is natural gas in liquid form. When natural gas at ambient pressure is cooled to about -260 degrees Fahrenheit (-162 degrees Celsius) it becomes “liquefied” and reduces the volume to approximately 1/600 of its original size, making it easier to transport. Natural gas is projected to be the fastest-growing fossil fuel in the coming decades.
Why Use LNG?
LNG offers tremendous benefits for consumers and the environment: It is versatile, clean-burning, safe, and abundant. Once LNG is regasified it can be made available for a variety of uses.
- Clean-burning: Natural gas emits less carbon dioxide than other fossil fuels
- Safe: LNG’s physical and chemical properties – including the fact that it will not ignite in its liquid state – make it safer than other commonly used hydrocarbons.
- Energy Independence: The U.S. has an abundance of natural gas.
APPLICATIONS FOR LNG
Natural Gas is well suited for vehicle fuel. It can be delivered as LNG or as compressed natural gas (CNG) however, LNG is better suited for heavy-duty vehicles traveling long distances.
The expanded use of natural gas as a transportation fuel can help reduce air pollution and carbon emissions from the transportation sector. Pivotal LNG began providing numerous customers with clean-burning LNG many years ago. JAX LNG will continue serving the growing transportation fuel market with dual truck loading bays.
Compared to oil-based alternatives currently used for marine fuel, LNG emits significantly lower levels of nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, particulate matter and carbon dioxide. New emissions standards, in addition to the low cost of natural gas compared to more conventional fuels, have encouraged the use of LNG as a marine fuel by the shipping industry in recent years. This growth is expected to continue significantly.
In response to the expected growth, JAX LNG will provide bunkering operations directly from the plant located conveniently to one of the world’s busiest shipping centers, Jacksonville, FL.
Fuel for Railroads
EPA Tier 4 emission standards for railroad locomotives, which became effective in 2015, require that emissions of particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) be further reduced by about 90 percent from the current Tier 3 standard. Natural gas engines exhibit lower NOx, PM, and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions and natural gas fuel has low sulfer content.
As these standards are implemented, further use of LNG as a fuel for railroad locomotives becomes a better solution. JAX LNG is well positioned to supply the need with rail infrastructure in close proximity to the plant.
- Power Generation